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  1. Version 160916


    NEVADA CONCEALED HANDGUN TRAINING STANDARDS Revised October 1, 2013 by the NVSCA The Nevada Sheriffs and Chiefs Association (NVSCA) establishes the minimum training standards required for the issue and renewal of carry concealed handgun permits (CCW) and the minimum standards required to become an instructor for concealed handgun permits. Authority for the NVSCA to establish these standards is provided in Nevada Revised Statute 202.3657 The following standards are the minimum required for the course of instruction which must be obtained prior to an individual applying for a CCW permit, or prior to the renewal of a permit. Please review these standards thoroughly to ensure your complete understanding. The requirements are defined under the headings of Resident, Non-Resident, Instructor Qualification, and Instructor Disqualification. All of these standards are a minimum requirement, nothing precludes an instructor from providing additional training.
  2. Version 170731


    This is the minimum training curriculum that must be provided to all students of the Utah Concealed Firearms Permit Course. This version has been revised as of 07/31/2017, please assist us by checking the Utah BCI website for the most up to date revision, and alert us if our version needs to be updated. Thank you for choosing to train with ADAPT. Stay safe. Train hard. ADAPT <
  3. The Open Carry Argument (Original post and author unknown) [Edits and additions made by ADAPT will appear in red.] My primary goal when I’m out and about (besides whatever I went out and about to do) is to go about peaceably and not be the victim of a violent crime. To that end I carry a firearm whenever I go out as well as follow all the other standard safety practices like maintaining situational awareness, staying out of high crime areas, and avoiding confrontation. I also have a larger overall goal of making it through my life without shooting anyone. Simply put, I don’t want to be responsible, legally or morally, for another’s death. Those two goals might appear at first blush to be mutually exclusive, and with concealed carry it would be a difficult set of goals to realize. Carrying a concealed firearm presents to a criminal that I am unarmed. Every study I’ve ever read, not most but every study, says that criminals will avoid an armed person or home when selecting a victim. That only makes sense, right? Robbers, rapists, or carjackers might be dumb and opportunistic, but they have the same instinctual sense of self preservation we all have. Hyenas don’t attack lions to steal the gazelle the lions have just killed. It’s all about risk management; are the potential gains (a tasty gazelle dinner) worth the potential pain and damage the lion’s teeth will cause, and does the hyena really need to test the lion to figure out the answer? No, the hyena can see the lion’s teeth and knows to stay well clear. Deterrent Value: When I’m carrying concealed I feel like my ‘teeth’ are hidden, and thus of no real deterrent value. If I appear unarmed then I am unarmed in the eyes of the robber, I appear as easy a target as almost anyone else out on the street. My probability of being a victim of a crime, violent or otherwise, is completely unchanged by the fact that I have hidden beneath my shirt the means to defend myself. My goal, however, is not to be a victim in the first place, remember? I don’t want to be a victim that fought back successfully and triumphed; I prefer to not be victimized at all. Concealed carry is good; it throws a wrench in the works for criminals who might see the teaming masses as a smorgasbord of financial gain. This deterrent effect is, nonetheless, indirect. At some point the thug will weigh the risks vs. the gains; is his current desperation for money/drugs/booze/gold grille greater than the gamble that one of those people might be carrying a gun? If he decides to play the odds, which helped along with surprise tip the scale in his favor, he will attack. Will his attack allow enough time for me to draw my concealed firearm to affect a defense? Maybe, but then again, maybe not. Remember, I don’t want to be a victim and I don’t want to shoot anyone. So how do I realize both goals; or how do I make them inclusive? I can do that through open carry. By making it clear and obvious that I am armed, that I have teeth, I tip the risk scale to the point that the criminal’s gains are far outweighed by the risk. There is no ambiguity when the thug is doing his risk assessment, there’s something right there in plain sight that can quickly and painfully change or terminate his life. You may not think his life has much value, but as I mentioned before, he has the same sense of self preservation as any other living creature and to him it’s every bit as valuable as yours is to you. It would be foolish to ignore this indisputable fact when you develop your overall tactical strategy. The Myth of The "First One To Be Shot": There are some who criticize open carry and claim it will make you more of a target or ‘the first one shot’ when a robber walks into the 7-11, despite the absolute lack of credible evidence that this has ever happened. If the robber walks in and sees that you’re armed, his whole plan has encountered an unexpected variable. In bank robberies where he might expect to see an armed guard he will have already factored that possibility into his plan, but only for the armed guard, not for open or concealed carry citizens. No robber robs a bank without at least a rudimentary plan. Nevertheless, being present for a bank robbery is an extremely remote possibility for most of us regardless of our preferred method of handgun carry. Back in the 7-11, if he sees someone is armed he is forced to either significantly alter the plan or abort it outright. Robbing is an inherently apprehensive occupation, and one that doesn’t respond well to instant modifications. He is not prepared to commit murder when he only planned for larceny. He knows that a petty robbery will not garner the intense police manhunt a murder would. He doesn’t know if you’re an armed citizen or a police officer and isn’t going to take the time to figure it out. Either way, if someone in the 7-11 is unexpectedly armed, how many others might be similarly adorned and where might they be? Does this armed individual have a partner who is likewise armed behind him in the parking lot, someone who is watching right now? Self preservation compels him to abort the plan for one that is less risky. So we see that the logic matches the history; open carriers are not the first ones shot because it doesn’t make any sense that they would be. Surprise: Probably the most common condemnation of open carry comes from the armchair tacticians who believe it’s better to have the element of surprise in a criminal encounter. Although this was touched on in the previous paragraph about deterrence, I’ll expand on it specifically here because there are some important truths you need to consider before you lean too heavily on this false support. Surprise as a defensive tactic is based on unrealistic or ill-thought out scenarios. The circumstance where several street toughs surround and taunt you for a while like in some Charles Bronson movie is not realistic; the mugger wants to get in and out as fast as possible. In most cases you will have only seconds to realize what’s happening, make a decision, and react. Imagine you’re walking along the sidewalk when two gangsta looking teenagers suddenly appear at the corner coming in the opposite direction. You have only seconds to react if their intent was to victimize you. Do you draw your concealed firearm now or wait until there’s an actual visible threat? If they are just on their way to church and you pull a gun on them, you are the criminal and you may forever lose your firearms rights for such a foolish action. If you don’t draw and they pull a knife or pistol when they’re just a couple steps away, your only options are draw (if you think you can) or comply. Imagine staring at the shiny blade of a knife being held by a very nervous and violent mugger, three inches from your or your wife’s throat and having to decide whether or not you have time to draw from concealment. The element of surprise may not do you any good; in fact the only surprising thing that might happen is that your concealed carry pistol gets taken along with your wallet. The thug will later get a good chuckle with his buddies about how you brought a gun to a knife fight. The simple truth is that while surprise is a monumentally superior tactical maneuver, it is exclusively an offensive action, not a defensive one. I am not aware of any army that teaches using surprise as a defense against attack. No squad of soldiers goes on patrol with their weapons hidden so that they can ‘surprise’ the enemy should they walk into an ambush. It Will Get Stolen: (The other kind of gun grabber) Another common criticism of open carry is that the firearm itself will be the target of theft, prompting as criminal to attack simply to get the gun from you. Like the previous example of being the first one shot in a robbery, above, this is despite the fact that there is no credible evidence it happens. It also blindly ignores the more obvious fact that anything you possess can make you the target of a crime, be it a car, a watch, or even a female companion (girlfriend, wife, or daughter). Crooks commonly steal for only two reasons; to get something you have that they want, or to get something that you have so they can sell it and buy something they want. There are no Robins in the hood trying to help the poor by stealing from the rich. I don’t claim it could never happen; just that it’s so remote a possibility that it doesn’t warrant drastic alterations to your self defense strategies. If you believe otherwise, leave your watch, sunglasses, jewelry, and cell phone at home, hop into your Pinto wagon, and head out to do your thing. It Scares People: One other statement against open carry I hear is that it damages public perception of firearms owners, or that by carrying openly we are not being good ambassadors to the public. While there are some people who have a genuine fear of firearms, due either to some horrible past experience or anti-gun indoctrination, the majority of people are either indifferent to them or quite fascinated by them. I’ve never kept track of the dozens of fellow citizens I’ve encountered who have marveled at the idea of open carry, but I do know exactly how many have expressed displeasure at it; one. People are scared of many things for many reasons; however, pretending those things do not exist only perpetuates the fear. Someone who is disturbed by open carry is going to be every bit as disturbed by concealed carry. The only effective way to overcome a fear is to come to the intellectual realization that the phobia is based on emotion and not on fact. By being a firsthand witness that a firearm was carried responsibly and peaceably, and wasn’t being carried in the commission of a crime, one discovers their fear is not fact based, but emotional. Thus, open carry can be a very effectual way of helping to overcome the emotionally based fear of the firearm. After all, you’d be much more likely to believe in ghosts if you saw one rather than if you listened to a ghost story around a campfire. We give much more credibility to the things we experience than we do to the things we hear. The bottom line is that this argument is made by people who don’t or haven’t carried openly; those of us who do so on a regular basis have an entirely different experience. I’m Not Comfortable Carrying Openly: This is really the only reasonable argument against open carry for an individual. We all have a comfort zone for any aspect of our lives and we prefer to stay within that comfort zone. We all agree that it’s better to be armed and never need the firearm than it is to need it and not have it. There is a point where concealing your firearm becomes so problematic, due to conditions like temperature or comfort, that some choose to either leave it behind or carry in such a way that it would be difficult or impossible to draw it quickly. If it takes me five or six seconds to draw my firearm from deep concealment and I had sufficient time before hand to do so, I would prefer to use that five or six seconds to avoid the entire encounter. I’m glad we have concealed carry laws in most of the states; it empowers and protects not only us but the general public through the offset deterrent effect. Some of us, however, choose the more direct deterrent effect of open carry. The combination of the two makes the criminal’s job that much more risky, that much more dangerous, and that much more uncertain. -------------------------------------------------- End of post----------------------------------------------------- ADAPT response: We think that this is a very well written statement where the author clearly states his opinion and choices and offers some very common sense observations when dealing with others that make this argument that Open Carry is foolish or dangerous. Thank you to whomever the original author is. If you know who the individual is please let us know so that we can state the source.
  4. Constant training is necessary to develop consistency in your techniques and your performance however we must never become complacent in our skill sets and our abilities. We encourage you to stay safe, and train hard in every class and every time you leave us we try to remind you to keep that mindset until we see you again. In our course sessions we assign homework between training sessions with suggestions on what the student needs to focus on in their training at home based upon what we are able to evaluate during the classroom or range time spent under the watchful eye of the Instructors. These assignments may require as little as 15 minutes of dry practice once a day only 3 times a week, or they might be 3-30 minute sessions performed once every day. That depends on the course of study and what the student wants to achieve during their time with us. Without a guided lesson plan... what are you doing for your training? Simply taking what you have learned and putting it into practice is a great start. The next step of self diagnosis (being able to see, or feel what you are doing and being able to make those corrections yourself. (That is what we are hoping to have our students achieve.) Many times people become complacent in their training. They reach a point where they know their skills are "good enough" to pass a certain skills test, or firing exam so they stop trying to improve and they self plateau, simply trying to maintain that skill level. One of my favorite quotes about this topic is "Amateurs train until they get it right, professionals train until they cannot get it wrong." (Ask yourself and be honest in your answer.. what group are you in?) How can you avoid the pitfalls of complacency? Like going to the gym or starting any new program it is exciting at first as you learn new things, and begin to see some development. However for most individuals the excitement begins to wear off and we begin making excuses not to keep up with the training. (It might take a while before a routine becomes a habit or even better a lifestyle change takes place... you gotta stick with it.) Routines can get boring! (I know I personally hate doing the same thing over and over again without learning something new, or really enjoying doing the activity in the first place.) Some steps to take: Push it! Invest in a shot timer or download an app on your smartphone or tablet so you know your current time and you can try to better it little by little. Shoot to a specific target area and once you achieve 100% accuracy either speed up the time or decrease the size of the target or both. Distance also magnifies errors we make, so another way to decrease target size and show those exaggerated errors is to move your target further away. Change it up! Once you reach your goals on a specific exercise you can also alter the way it is performed. Try switching eyes, can you shoot it with both eyes open, or with your non dominant eye if your dominant eye is injured? What about your support hand, if your primary hand is injured? Switching stances, or even better moving while you are shooting can also increase the challenge and adds a bit more of a realistic street aspect to your skill sets. Find a training buddy (accountability partner) Having a partner to help encourage you and offer some helpful advice on what they can see from an outside perspective is always great. Even if you can't train together at the same physical location, you might be able to use speakerphone to call exercises for each other. With a smartphone or tablet you could use a video call program and actually see each other. Improvise, ADAPT, and Overcome. Besides coaching via video you can use the screen to give a audio or visual cues. (In a dry practice scenario, the screen can provide a target as shoot or no-shoot targets are presented.)(Make a slide show of different targets and have it play at random) (We usually do not advise using your TV as a dry practice target, however if the appropriate safety measures are taken and the steps on how to dry practice safely are followed each and every time this can be done as a controlled environment) Try new things, experiment with your gear, and with your surroundings, alter your training with different lighting situations, and moving targets. If you have exercises that you love and want to share them with the community please describe them below. We would love to see some new challenges. As always. Stay safe. Train hard. ADAPT. More quotes on complacency: "Success breeds complacency. Complacency breeds failure. Only the paranoid survive." - Andy Grove "A man's work is in danger of deteriorating when he thinks he has found the one best formula for doing it. If he thinks that, he is likely to feel that all he needs is merely to go on repeating himself . . . so long as a person is searching for better ways of doing his work, he is fairly safe." - Eugene O'neill "We shall have no better conditions in the future if we are satisfied with all those which we have at present." - Thomas Edison “There are few things more pathetic than those who have lost their curiosity and sense of adventure, and who no longer care to learn.” - Gordon B. Hinckley “The arrogance of success is to think that what we did yesterday is good enough for tomorrow.” - William Pollard “We've always done it this way" is invalid when that way hasn't led to more life, greater growth, or maximum efficiency. Take that how you will...business, personally, church, or family. Complacency is too easy to breed, and already has one foot in the grave.” - Aaron W. Matthews
  5. 15 Rebels gathered in the UNLV Student Union on Tuesday, April 15th for the University’s inaugural Students for Concealed Carry Chapter meeting. ADAPT Academy CEO and Director of Training, Eric Loden, was in attendance as an Academic Advisor along with Assemblywoman, and longtime gun rights advocate, Michelle Fiore, and representatives of the Nevada Firearms Coalition Education and Training Division. The meeting was kicked off with introductions by Chapter President Alex Murdock and Vice President/Co-founder Zachary Guymon. The two discussed the purpose of the chapter and their emphasis on gun safety and firearms education and training. Loden spoke next about his credentials in the firearms industry as well as his own story of petitioning then Community College of Southern Nevada leadership to carry when he studied Criminal Justice at the College in 2009. “ADAPT is proud to see a Chapter of Students for Concealed Carry at UNLV. It is vitally important that the future leaders of our community, just like every other citizen in the state, have the right to protect themselves while they seek out a higher education.” Said Loden. “Gun free zones are not only dangerous but they violate the constitutional rights of over 100,000 Nevada students and employees.” Students then heard from Assemblywoman Fiore who commended the creation of the Chapter and explained the history of AB 143, the Campus Carry Bill, as well as her desire for the legislation to achieve bipartisan support in the upcoming 2015 session. Fiore’s passion for this bill was illustrated when she recounted Amanda Collins’ campus rape story and the subsequent Reno murder of Brianna Dennison. Next, the students engaged in a lively Q&A discussion to ask how they can better help support good gun policies in the state as well as a unanimous decision by the group to participate in regular firearms training events with ADAPT. The Chapter agreed to meet bimonthly for on campus discussions to move the Chapter forward as well as an off campus meeting each month at a local shooting range. For more information on Students for Concealed Carry national, visit: concealedcampus.org Lauren Boitel April 17, 2014
  6. Appropriate gear as a point of firearms safety. Continuing our discussion on firearms safety we want to touch on how the appropriate selection, use, and training methods effect our level of safety and proficiency. First we must begin this discussion with asking WHY? Why do you want to own a firearm? We have already covered this topic in some detail in our article on "Gun and gear selection for home defense and concealed carry." Firearm selection: Self defense (Home, daily carry) Occupation Recreation Sporting Hunting Collector After you determine what firearm is best for your needs, then we have to consider things like Ammunition and Accessories. The use of appropriate defensive ammunition such as "Hollow Point Ammo" can help reduce the risk of innocent individuals being injured by rounds that may over-penetrate the intended aggressor or if they miss and continue through the walls of a structure. If you are hunting, or involved in recreation or sporting activities, there are many guides to help you select the right ammunition for your intended target, and even some rules and regulations that prohibit specific ammunition from being used at ranges, or sporting events. Some prohibited ammunition examples are: incendiary, steel core/steel jacketed, or tracer rounds. Some ranges are also requiring lead-free, or frangible ammunition. Be sure to check ahead of time what type of ammunition the location you plan on shooting at allows. Accessory gear selection: Holsters One of the first accessories that comes up in discussions is holsters, because it is probably the most important part of daily carry. All other reasons for owning a firearm (recreation, sporting, hunting, and being a collector) usually do not require a daily carry holster. A link that we have had up since we started our courses is our Course Gear Page which features some advice about holster selection for course attendance and beyond. We have also gone a bit further in discussing one holster in particular, after some individuals wanted to debate the safety of the Blackhawk Serpa holster, we wanted to discuss the use and training practices of this particular piece of equipment. The article gives additional insight into how to evaluate your choice of gear depending on other variables beyond your reason to own and carry, such as: (safety, cost/value, versatility, functionality, method of carry, operational environment, reliability, durability, and availability) We encourage you to read the full article to help make a more informed decision on your gear selection. Use of a cheap, or inappropriate holster can be a danger to you if it hinders your ability to get it out when you need it, or the fit, form, or function can be dangerous if it is for a different weapon, your weapons has had modifications to its trigger or external safeties, or you modify the holster beyond the manufactures original design, or simply do not know how to use the gear appropriately. Know your gear, stay safe, train hard. Magazines/Speed loaders Another accessory that is a necessity is high quality magazines and speed loaders. Firearms run out of ammunition and whether you are in a competition, or in a confrontation when you need to reload your weapon seconds count. The act of performing an Emergency Reload is a point of training that should be drilled to a point that it is a reflexive action. The type of firearm you carry, proper instruction in the method of reloading, the placement of your additional ammunition and it's accessibility are all determining factors in your ability to perform this action safely, efficiently, and while under stress. Selecting your magazine accessories you should consider the same standards as your holster selection. Apparel If you are looking for clothing to conceal a firearm on your person you may want to consider straying from the shirts that advertise that you are wearing a weapon, such as your favorite firearms manufacturer, NRA, 2nd Amendment related, or shirts that simply appear "tactical" in design or popularity of use such as covert style 5.11 shirts that most educated individuals can spot sticking out like a sore thumb. Don't advertise a product if your not prepared to demonstrate it's use. Instead you may want to consider a low-profile look, and make sure of appropriate fit to effectively conceal the firearm without it "printing", or accidentally displaying the firearm as you move about your daily activities (bending over, reaching above your head, etc...) This goes back to knowing your gear and your operational environment. Transportation: Gear bags, Cases, Vehicle carry If you are going to and from the range, from your home to your car and back again, the use of an obvious gun case may not be an issue. However if you are walking through a casino, on a public transit system, or other place of public resort having a 1000d Cordura Nylon pack kinda sticks out. A very safe, and low profile option is a simple case that could contain anything from photography equipment, to sporting goods. A simple way to make the casual observer who might be curious as to what is in that case is to slap a couple of stickers on it labeling it as something else (again.. not your favorite gun site, firearms manufacturer, or pro-gun organization) Security: Safes, lock boxes, hidden compartments When dealing with the storage of firearms and ammunition there is a balance between "security and accessibility" if you can't get to it when you need it most... you don't "own" a firearm, however if others can access it without your permission you then also don't "own" a firearm... To own a firearm requires responsibility and due diligence. In selecting your method of storage there are many options to consider. Size Placement Security features Accessibility Operational security Size is a fairly simple choice and is based upon your needs. If you only own one firearm then you have more flexibility in your placement and access options, however if you own quite the collection, then you might be limited in placement, and it certainly effects your needs for security features to match. When considering placement, you have to think about accessibility. Where do you spend the most time in your home? Or where are you most likely to be when at attack occurs? Is that answer your bedroom while you are sleeping, or perhaps in the home office where you toil from 6am-9pm? Lounging on the couch watching T.V. after a long day at the office? Are you looking to have your safe hidden or on display? Placement determines how quickly to can reach your safe when you need to, and the security features determine how fast you can get it open vs. those you don't want opening it. To read the past articles in this series and what comes next be sure to check back in, more coming soon! Future topics will include: (Click on the text to read the associated article.) Always start with safety Manipulations and handling as a point of firearms safety. Appropriate gear as a point of firearms safety. Range safety, and Range Etiquette. Marksmanship as a point of firearms safety. Considerations when choosing what type of instruction or instructor is right for your needs.
  7. Manipulations and handling as a point of firearms safety. (Links in this article may point to internal resources only available to ADAPT members who are currently signed in, log into your ADAPT account to view these links.) Continuing our discussion on firearms safety, from general principles into good practices we need to understand how The Universal Safety Rules can be applied when we are handling our firearms. (Discussed in more detail in our previous article "Always start with safety." All firearms owners should be able to manipulate their weapons safely. This includes basic techniques such as checking the condition of a firearm, along with loading and unloading the firearm safely. In order to prevent a negligent discharge when simply handling the firearm every student must learn and constantly maintain good trigger finger discipline. This is the practice of keeping your finger off the trigger and on a safe reference point on the frame, until ready to shoot. Having this trained muscle memory into your hands takes practice. If your trigger finger is straight and in line with your muzzle this also helps to maintain muzzle consciousness. Other techniques that should be learned to aid with muzzle consciousness are the appropriate ways to remove and return your firearms from cases, slinging or placing a weapon on a rack, presentation from and safely returning to a holster. Besides loading and unloading safely, all shooters should know how to perform function and safety checks. Knowing how to inspect your firearm for damage, possible barrel obstructions, and appropriate working functionality. Shooters should also know how to properly identify malfunctions that may occur with their weapon, and know how to safely clear temporary stoppages, and when the issue is beyond the scope of normal malfunctions and maintenance. The shooter should know when to take the weapon to a professionally trained gunsmith. Another safety rule that is not always stated but should always be followed is to never attempt to catch a falling weapon. More about firearms safety coming soon! Future topics will include: (Click on the text to read the associated article.) Always start with safety Manipulations and handling as a point of firearms safety. Appropriate gear as a point of firearms safety. Range safety, and Range Etiquette. Marksmanship as a point of firearms safety. Considerations when choosing what type of instruction or instructor is right for your needs.
  8. Are there different levels of safety when it comes to firearms handling and training? Yes, we believe that there are and we are going to discuss some of the general safety rules used by most ranges and training institutions, then we are going to move into understanding how those rules may evolve as the individual’s training progresses. The Universal Safety Rules Many schools, agencies, organizations and firearms ranges have different rules for safety. Some of the rules sound very similar but are placed in a different order of importance. For instance, one of the most popular firearms safety rules, due in part to its promotion by the NRA is, "Always keep your muzzle pointed in a safe direction." This is a great safety rule because in itself it states, in not so many words " be aware of your surroundings, exercise care, be conscious of where your muzzle is pointed and be courteous to others around you" Most organized ranges state that when you are moving with an uncased firearm keep the muzzle pointed upwards as a safe direction. This rule should always state “when moving with an unloaded firearm… “ because if a round were inadvertently fired it has to come back down somewhere. The chances of someone being injured exist both if the muzzle is pointed up or down. We encourage our students to be constantly in control of their weapons and conscious of their muzzle at all times either up or down. We like to start our students off with understanding the proper mindset you should have when handling any firearm. So we start with our first rule, “Treat all weapons with respect and handle as if they were loaded.” Col. Jeff Cooper was quoted as saying the first rule was “All guns are always loaded.” We understand what he was saying, that you should always assume that a gun is loaded. However even when we know that the weapon is unloaded we want you to still treat the weapon with the same level of respect as you would a loaded firearm. The way we state the muzzle safety rule is “Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy.” There are many safe muzzle positions that are situationally dependent upon your environment. The next few rules are usually in the same order: Keep your finger off of the trigger until you are ready to shoot. Some schools state “Keep your finger off the trigger until your sights are on target.” We like to go a step further and explain that sometimes you may be ready to shoot even when you are not looking at your sights. (Such as when shooting at “Close Contact”) The next rule on our list is "Know your target and what is in line with it." Others will say “Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.” Again taking another step we explain there is more to this rule. Knowing your target for instance involves a few skill sets in and of itself. First to know your target begins with target identification, asking is this the correct individual and threat assessment does this individual need to be shot? The legal ramifications both criminal and civil have to be considered during this phase, furthermore one should also have an understanding of the differences between legally justified and absolutely necessary. By using the words “in line with it” rather than simply “beyond” we also stress the consideration of the foreground and the ever changing environment of an engagement on the street. So to summarize and restate these rules: 1. Treat all weapons with respect and always handle as if they were loaded. 2. Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy. 3. Keep your finger off of the trigger and outside of the trigger guard until you are ready to shoot. 4. Know your target and what is in line with it. More about firearms safety coming soon! Future topics will include: (Click on the text to read the associated article.) Manipulations and handling as a point of firearms safety. Appropriate gear as a point of firearms safety. Range safety, and Range Etiquette. Marksmanship as a point of firearms safety. Considerations when choosing what type of instruction or instructor is right for your needs.
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