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Eric Loden

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Posts posted by Eric Loden

  1. CCW Instructors,

    Please be advised that in compliance with Governor Sisolak's orders we are giving notice that all CCW courses and qualifications need to stop immediately.  Please see the Governor's website for more information on the orders. http://gov.nv.gov

    We will accept certificates from classes completed prior to this notice. You will be notified when classes can resume.

    Thank you for your cooperation as we, as a community, work together to keep each other safe during this time.

    Thank you,

    LVMPD – CCW Detail
    400 S. Martin L. King Blvd
    Las Vegas, Nevada 89106

    View full article

  2. To our instructors,

    As many of you know, the e-CCW applications have gone live. Please visit LVMPD.com for more information.

    The implementation of e-CCW has not changed any of the training standards or methods. This simply allows citizens to complete the written portion of the application online and make an appointment at the Fingerprint and Records Bureau to sign their application in person and complete their fingerprints and photo.

    The e-CCW online application has been in development for over a year and its release to the public now is in no way associated to the closure of the Records Bureau. Citizens can complete an online application but are NOT going to be able to complete the process until the Fingerprint and Records Bureau reopens to the public.

    There have been many questions about training standards, range qualifications, and the use of video classroom portions being made available. The CCW Detail, in cooperation with the LVMPD Special Investigations Section, will stay compliant with the Nevada Governor's Emergency Directive to cancel all non-essential businesses. No video teleconferencing of classes or range qualifications have been approved by either the LVMPD CCW Detail, nor the Nevada Sheriffs and Chiefs Association. Certifications during this time period will not be accepted by the CCW Detail.

    The LVMPD CCW Detail has been diligently working to get the many questions answered especially regarding CCW renewals and expirations. As that information becomes available it will be shared with instructors and on the LVMPD website.

    This has been a very challenging time, especially for businesses in our community. The LVMPD CCW Detail is committed to providing excellent customer service and assisting citizens as much as we can while also maintaining compliance with emergency directives. 

    LVMPD – CCW Detail 
    400 S. Martin L. King Blvd
    Las Vegas, Nevada 89106

    View full article

  3. The Law of Self Defense: The Indispensable Guide to the Armed Citizen 3rd Edition

    The world is a dangerous place. That's why you're prepared to protect yourself and your loved ones. Now arm yourself for the legal battle that happens after an attack. The first fight is for your life – the second for your liberty. Andrew F. Branca, the renowned expert in self-defense law, teaches you how to make quick, effective, legally appropriate decisions in life-and-death situations. His easy-to-understand analysis thoroughly covers the laws of all fifty states. Key legal principles are illustrated with interesting, sometimes heart-wrenching, true life examples of people defending themselves, and how their decisions helped, hurt, or even destroyed their case. This thoroughly updated third edition includes an all new chapter on interacting with the police, including what to say (or not say!) to 911, first responders, and detectives. Don't be a victim. Stay safe from both the physical attack and the legal aftermath. This book, with a foreword by legendary use-of-force expert Massad Ayoob, will teach you the powerful legal truth that protects your life, wealth, and freedom.

    Purchase on Amazon here.



    I have a confession: self-defense law is simple. There, I said it—my expertise is simple.

    I know what you’re thinking—sure, maybe self-defense law is simple for a self-defense law scholar and lawyer, who reads legalese like a native language, but what about normal not-crazy people?

    In fact, self-defense law is simple for everyone.

    That said, there is a catch: You have to be taught self-defense law by someone who understands the subject well enough to effectively translate all the legalese into plain English, to distill that legal knowledge from the theoretical to the actionable.

    Find that person and you’re well on your way to understanding the law of self-defense because it’s not actually that complicated.

    The simple truth is that you don’t have to know 500 legal concepts to really understand self-defense law. Not even 50.

    In fact, there are at most 5 elements to any self-defense case (and often not even that many).  That’s it—just 5.  And that’s true in every one of the 50 states, and all US territories.

    And it all begins with the first element:


    You can’t start the fight.

    That’s the first element—you can’t have been the initial aggressor, and then justify your use of force as self-defense. Pretty simple, huh?  What could be more obvious than that, right?  You got this.

    Often, however, whether you, in fact, started the confrontation can easily be a fact in dispute. Naturally, you’ll say the other guy was the initial aggressor. But that other guy—or his buddies—could say that you were. That kind of uncertainty is the “messy” part of this “simple” element.

    Bottom line, if a prosecutor reviews your case and sees evidence that suggests you might have started the fight, you’ve just made yourself way more likely to be brought to trial on criminal charges, because now you look like a vulnerable target for conviction.

    But starting (or appearing as if you started) the fight isn’t the only thing you must avoid, there’s also the second element:


    The law allows you to defend yourself from an attack that’s either happening or about to happen very soon, meaning within seconds. It’s not intended to justify vengeance for some past act of violence, nor to “stop” a speculative future attack that you have time to avoid by other means.

    You can think of the element of imminence as a window that opens and closes. Before the window of imminence is open—before the threat is actually occurring or imminently about to occur—you can’t use defensive force. After the window of imminence has closed —after the threat is over—you again cannot use defensive force.

    It’s only while that window of imminence is open that you can lawfully use defensive force.

    Imminence has to do with when you can use defensive force, but what about how much defensive force you can use?  That has to do with the third element:


    The law puts any use of force into one of two buckets: the non-deadly force bucket, or the deadly force bucket.

    What qualifies as deadly force? Legally, deadly force is more broadly defined than only force that kills.  Force that can cause death is part of the definition, but deadly force also includes force that causes serious bodily injury, like maiming injuries, as well as rape.

    What qualifies as non-deadly force? Non-deadly force is essentially all lesser degrees of force that cannot readily cause death or serious bodily injury.

    If the threat you’re facing is non-deadly, then you’re only allowed to use non-deadly force in response. If the force you’re facing is deadly in nature, then you’re entitled to use deadly force OR non-deadly force to defend yourself.

    If you respond with deadly force to an attacker using only non-deadly force, you’re using disproportional force, you’ve “lost the element of proportionality,” and you are not acting lawfully.

    It’s essential to make sure you limit yourself to only the degree of defensive force that’s proportional to the threat you’re defending against.

    But what about running rather than fighting?  Does the law require you to resort to flight before you can resort to fight? That brings us to the fourth element of self-defense law:


    Could you have safely avoided the fight? That’s the question the fourth element addresses.

    A minority of about 13 states impose a legal duty to run away, when you can do so safely, rather than fight.  These are called “duty-to-retreat” states.

    The large majority of states do not impose such a legal duty to retreat, even if you could have done so with complete safety.  These are the “stand-your-ground” states.

    In the minority 13 states that do impose a legal duty to retreat, however, failing to run when you safely could have is not lawful, loses you the required element of avoidance, and therefore loses you self-defense.

    Even the duty-to-retreat states only impose that legal duty when retreat is possible with complete safety. That begs the question, however—was a completely safe avenue of retreat actually available under the circumstances facing that specific defender?

    To put it another way, would a reasonable defender under attack have been aware that a safe avenue of retreat was available?  This leads us to the last of the five elements of self-defense law:


    I like to call this the “umbrella” element because it overlays the other four.

    Everything that you perceive, decide, and do in defense of yourself or others must be reasonable and prudent, given the circumstances you faced, the information you knew, and your abilities (or disabilities).

    Mistakes in self-defense are allowed, and a mistaken use of defensive force can still qualify as lawful self-defense. The bad guy’s “gun” turned out to be a toy? That’s not a problem for your defensive use of force against the apparent gun if perceiving it as a real gun was a reasonable belief under the circumstances.

    Bottom line: We’re not required to make perfect decisions in self-defense, just reasonable ones.

    What’s reasonable to one person may not be reasonable to another, however. This element of reasonableness is partly a reflection of the particular defender under the specific circumstances.  The reasonable perception of, and defensive options for, a defender who is young, healthy, and fit may well differ from the reasonable perceptions and defensive options of an elderly, ill, or disabled defender.

    The 5 Elements Are Easy … But Real Life is Complicated

    And that’s it, folks—the 5 MUST KNOW elements of self-defense law. Easy-peasy, right? How hard can applying just five elements be?

    Well, maybe more complicated than one might think. While the elements themselves are relatively simple, applying them to a real-world case can be complicated.

    Why? Because the real world is not simple. It is messy and involves real people, real victims, real violence, and so forth.  So, applying these elements to the real-world takes practice.  Applying them quickly enough in real-time to respond correctly in the critical moment of an attack takes even more practice.

    And that’s precisely why we do what we do at Law of Self Defense:  We help you understand the law of self-defense so that you can not only make yourself hard to kill, you can also make yourself hard to convict.

    Interested in Learning More and Becoming Your Own Self-Defense Law Expert?

    Of course you are!

    Where can you find the kind of training and experience that I’m talking about? A lot of it is right here, at Law of Self Defense, where it’s our mission to help you make better informed, more confident, and more decisive decisions in self-defense.

    As a first step we urge you to download our FREE guide “The 5 Elements of Self-Defense Law,” to use as a handy reference, without cost or obligation, right here:


    And remember:

    You carry a gun so you’re hard to kill.

    Know the law so you’re hard to convict!

    Stay safe!


    Attorney Andrew F. Branca
    Law of Self Defense LLC

  4. Source: https://apnews.com/9f2317f5de8b453baa937ba3381f7c0a


    (Left: Armed Civilian credited with saving Officers life. Right: Unknown)

    PHOENIX (AP) — An Arizona officer who was shot and beaten a year ago by a Mexican man he was trying to help after a car crash said a passing driver saved his life by killing the man, according to newly released police reports.

    State Trooper Edward Andersson said he doesn’t know what led to the attack. The officer had seen Leonardo Penuelas-Escobar cradling his injured girlfriend, then set up flares to try to get drivers to slow down on a major highway. Moments later, Andersson spotted Penuelas-Escobar with a gun in his hand.

    The reports say Penuelas-Escobar said something in Spanish before shooting the officer in the shoulder and beating him in the head with a handgun, which had been stolen months earlier from a home.

    An armed driver saw the beating, got out of his vehicle and fatally shot Penuelas-Escobar when he refused a command to stop attacking the officer.

    Andersson, a 28-year department veteran who underwent multiple surgeries for his injuries and hasn’t yet returned to work, was asked during a police interview what would have been the outcome if the driver hadn’t stopped the attack.

    “Probably a funeral. He wasn’t gonna stop,” Andersson told investigators, crediting the passer-by with saving his life.

    The documents released Thursday provide the most detailed account of the attack on Jan. 12, 2017, by a former member of the Mexican federal police who was in the United States illegally, according to investigators.

    Penuelas-Escobar, who was born in the Mexican state of Sinaloa, was employed in July 2007 as a police officer, but no longer held that job, the documents say. It is not clear why.

    Investigators concluded Penuelas-Escobar was speeding when his car rolled over about 55 miles west of Phoenix, ejecting Vanessa Monique Lopez-Ruiz, 23. She later died.

    The driver who killed Penuelas-Escobar wasn’t charged with a crime. Arizona has a law that lets someone use deadly force against a person who is threatening or injuring another person.

  5. DFCover.PNG

    In a long-awaited update of the world's most authoritative work on the subject, Massad Ayoob draws from an additional three decades of experience to educate responsible firearms owners about the legal, ethical, and practical use of firearms in self defense--the armed citizens' rules of engagement.

    • Understand the legal and ethical issues surrounding use of lethal force by private citizens.
    • Learn about the social and psychological issues surrounding use of lethal force in defense of self or others.
    • Preparation and mitigation--steps the responsible armed citizen can/should take.

    "After forty years as a practicing criminal defense attorney, I know that what Mas says, teaches, and writes is the best, state-of-the-art knowledge you can get." ~Jeff Weiner, Former President, National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers

  6. 2secsCover.PNG

    Think of every assassination you've ever heard about. For most people, a few of these major ones come to mind: Caesar, Abraham Lincoln, John Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Mahatma Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Anwar Sadat, John Lennon, Israel's Prime Minister Rabin, Pakistan's Benazir Bhutto. From start to finish, all of these attacks combined took place in less than one minute. And the hundreds of attacks studied for this book, all of them combined, took place in less than a half-hour. Those thirty minutes, surely the most influential in world history, offer important insights that can help today's protectors defeat tomorrow's attackers.

  7. LOBCover.PNG

    You walk into a restaurant and get an immediate sense that you should leave. You are about to step onto an elevator with a stranger, and something stops you. You interview a potential new employee who has the résumé to do the job, but something tells you not to offer the position. These scenarios all represent "left of bang", the moments before something bad happens. But how many times have you talked yourself out of leaving the restaurant, getting off the elevator, or getting over your silly "gut" feeling about someone? Is there a way not just to listen to your inner protector more but to actually increase your sensitivity to threats before they happen?

    Legendary marine general James Mattis asked the same question and issued a directive to operationalize the Marine Corps' Combat Hunter program. A comprehensive and no-nonsense approach to heightening each and every one of our gifts of fear, Left of Bang is the result.

  8. OnKillingCover.PNG

    The good news is that the vast majority of soldiers are loath to kill in battle. Unfortunately, modern armies, using Pavlovian and operant conditioning have developed sophisticated ways of overcoming this instinctive aversion. The psychological cost for soldiers, as witnessed by the increase in post-traumatic stress, is devastating. The psychological cost for the rest of us is even more so: contemporary civilian society, particularly the media, replicates the army's conditioning techniques and, according to Lt. Col. Dave Grossman's thesis, is responsible for our rising rate of murder among the young.

    Upon its first publication, ON KILLING was hailed as a landmark study of the techniques the military uses to overcome the powerful reluctance to kill, of how killing affects the soldier, and of the societal implications of escalating violence. Now, Grossman has updated this classic work to include information on 21st-century military conflicts, recent crime rates, suicide bombings, school shootings, and much more. The result is a work that is sure to be relevant and important for decades to come.

  9. OnCombatCover.PNG

    On Combat looks at what happens to the human body under the stresses of deadly battle the impact on the nervous system, heart, breathing, visual and auditory perception, memory - then discusses new research findings as to what measures warriors can take to prevent such debilitations so they can stay in the fight, survive, and win. A brief, but insightful look at history shows the evolution of combat, the development of the physical and psychological leverage that enables humans to kill other humans, followed by an objective examination of domestic violence in America. The authors reveal the nature of the warrior, brave men and women who train their minds and bodies to go to that place from which others flee. After examining the incredible impact of a few true warriors in battle, On Combat presents new and exciting research as to how to train the mind to become inoculated to stress, fear and even pain. Expanding on Lt. Col. Grossman s popular "Bulletproof mind" presentation, the book explores what really happens to the warrior after the battle, and shows how emotions, such as relief and self-blame, are natural and healthy ways to feel about having survived combat. A fresh and highly informative look at post traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) details how to prevent it, how to survive it should it happen, how to come out of it stronger, and how to help others who are experiencing it. On Combat looks at the critical importance of the debriefing, when warriors gather after the battle to share what happened, critique, learn from each other and, for some, begin to heal from the horror. The reader will learn a highly effective breathing technique that not only steadies the warrior s mind and body before and during the battle, but can also be used afterwards as a powerful healing device to help separate the emotion from the memory. Concluding chapters discuss the Christian/Judeo view of killing in combat and offers powerful insight that Lt. Col. Grossman has imparted over the years to help thousands of warriors understand and come to terms with their actions in battle. A final chapter encourages warriors to always fight for justice, not vengeance, so that their remaining days will be healthy ones filled with pride for having performed their duty morally and ethically. This information-packed book ploughs new ground in its vision, in its extensive new research and startling findings, and in its powerful, revealing quotes and anecdotes from top people in the warrior community, people who have faced the toxic environment of deadly combat and now share their wisdom to help others. On Combat is easy to read and powerful in scope. It is a true classic that will be read by new and veteran warriors for years to come.

  10. Original Article Posted on Law Officer Connect:

    Reply by Eric Loden on April 22, 2009 at 1:08pm

    I have read all of the following posts and have to agree that there is no reason other than being ( "forced on the ground, sitting or laying down (while wounded) looking for a target.")(Andres A. Escobar-Martinez) to ever use the high ready, we teach the muzzle depressed 45 degrees (or where your adversary has fallen) to facilitate quite a few functions.

    1. Lowering the weapon clears your field of vision and allows you to see more of your surroundings.

    2. Weapons retention, from the depressed ready if an assailant was to wrestle you for your gun simply pulling straight back or falling to the ground straightens the arms out to your center-line and your adversaries as well.

    Some agencies teach the "retention ready" we have two variations on that. The first being what we call "close contact" it is actually part of the presentation from the holster called count 3. Some others know this as a speed rock. Bringing the gun level with the ground but indexing it to the side of the body. This allows a very stable platform to shoot from and works in CQB like fighting in a phone booth.

    The other retention ready or compressed ready is a step past that either in the presentation past count 3 we come to count 4 both hands on the weapon but still indexed with both arms on the body and slightly off to the side. This differs from the weapon being 4 to 5 inches in front of the chest with both hand on. It allows a lower profile for entry and aides in not having the weapon swept down if it breaches the doorway before the shooters body. Everything should go through at the same time.

    We see a lot of "Hollywood" tactics when you have civilians who may have never handled a weapon before going through a live fire simulator on day 3 of their training. I have had three instances in the time that I have been there, where the individual has received two lectures and practiced with a "red gun" before they go in the live fire exercise and once the stress of the situation hits they end up placing the muzzle under their chin. You will sink to the level of training or lack thereof and do what you have seen when the stress is there.

    If we were voting to outlaw the high "Charlie's Angels" ready you can count me in. It is of no benefit, and frankly scary.

    Eric Loden


    (This article was written while instructing at another facility and some comments pertain to that facilities practices and not ADAPT. Additional comments to follow on the above mentioned subject matter.)

    To expand upon the "Charlie's Angels" ready position, also called the "Temple index or Temple Ready" has it's place. The correct place would be beside the head pointed straight up. When there is a combination of the compressed ready against the chest and the muzzle straight up under the shooters chin is where it gets scary. 


  11. Pressing and releasing the trigger "consistently" without disturbing the sight alignment or sight picture is a great goal, but some of the finer details of what great "trigger control" might be are often overlooked.

    First I know there is a lot of debate about trigger finger placement... some say that in the heat of battle or the random chaotic nature of a gun fight you will loose the fine motor skills of placing your finger on the trigger in just the right spot, and that instinct will take over and you will just grab the gun like a baboon and clinch it with your meat hook however you happen to grab it. I disagree.

    Trigger control starts in the holster. The way you present (or "draw" for some of you) your weapon, is very important in good control over recoil, muzzle flip, and yes even trigger control. The way your hand wraps around the firearm determines how much trigger finger you stick through the guard.

    For a right handed shooter if you have too much finger on the trigger, lets say for exaggeration, the tip all the way to the first knuckle then inevitably you are going to pull your shots to your firing side as you pull the trigger the curling action of that first joint will affect the horizontal alignment of you sights at the last moment. In contrast for a right handed shooter if you use too little trigger finger say just the tip just below the nail then you have a tendency to push the weapon to your support side as you add pressure to the trigger.

    The perfect trigger finger placement should be somewhere across the center of the pad or the swirl of the fingerprint on the index finger.

    DA or Double Action shooters with a heavier trigger press might need a bit more of their finger on the trigger to serve as a mechanical advantage in order to pull a heavier trigger, but they should start off at the swirl and if more is needed work their way in towards the first knuckle, however find a place that is comfortable and stick with it. I often see a movement of the finger from the deeper placement to a shallower placement between shots, and not even slow shots. In the middle of a good controlled pair in recoil the finger flies off and moves to a different position.

    If accuracy is a result of sight alignment and a good smooth press how can we expect to achieve this on a follow up shot if we change our grip and trigger finger placement every time the gun goes bang? Do we wait until we have adjusted our grip and find the trigger again? NO! You don't have time to waste, but you also don't have time to miss either.

    The goal is a smooth steady “PRESS” directly to the rear to not alter your sights. Its a physics fact that the round will go exactly where the sights are when the shot breaks.

    In order to be ready for a perfect follow up shot or shots as quickly as possible, you must keep trigger finger placement for consistency.

    In order to keep the trigger finger in the same place on the trigger between shots you should "TRAP" or hold the trigger to the rear of the trigger guard during recoil as opposed to letting it "fly" off. Some shooters let the finger fly completely out of the trigger guard and then are forced to find the trigger and press again. If you are attempting to shoot quickly this usually results in "slapping" or "mashing" the trigger forcing the shots low and usually to the support side.

    In addition to pressing the trigger at the same speed which is great for revolvers or double actions (Once you begin adding pressure to the trigger don't stop! Often times DA shooters will "stage the trigger waiting for the sight alignment to be just right and then "rushing" the trigger the last 1/32 of an inch (estimation), throwing or pushing the shots low.

    For SA or Single Action shooters you might have "slack" in your trigger before it gets tight. Sometimes this "slack" is getting the gun ready to fire, in the case of a Glock it is disabling the internal drop safeties, pulling the hammer back (technically making a Glock a double action, but lets forget about that for now... ) and then finally as you add or build pressure to the trigger the sear drops and releases the hammer firing the weapon.

    So there is a lot of internal movement that is going on inside the weapon before the shot breaks. Don't make the gun shoot, you press the trigger smoothly and let the mechanics shoot the gun. In order not to rush these mechanisms and let them do their job effectively we should be looking forward to the bang, but not making it happen. Hence a "SURPRISE BREAK!"

    A surprise break is not a negligent discharge (or accidental discharge, for those of you that believe that the gun just goes off without your finger pulling the trigger) the surprise break means that we know we are on our sights and the gun will go off because we are building pressure on the trigger with the intention of shooting, however we don't know the exact millisecond that it is going to happen or worse making this happen when we want and rushing the gun. If you rush any part of the press then you are going to cause misalignment of your sights, and again the shot goes where your sights are.

    And last lets talk about the “TRIGGER RESET” the reset is the act of easing the trigger back out to the point where the gun is ready to fire again but no further. For most weapons there is a definite “click” when the trigger reaches that point, some weapons have a short crisp reset, others have a long way to travel before they reset (as in the case of revolvers or DA only’s) either way you gun operates find that point and get used to resetting the trigger to that point between shots. Some weapons will even have more “slack” in the trigger after the reset, if your does then you have to take that slack back up immediately after the reset. Get back on your sights and follow up with another perfect shot.

    If you think of this phrase as your trigger control mantra then it should help. Start slow and then let the speed develop naturally.

    Placement (Find the proper finger placement)

    Pressure (Get the slack out of your trigger if there is any)

    Press (Build pressure until the shot breaks by surprise),

    Trap (hold the trigger to the rear in recoil) (Get back on your front sight)

    Reset (gently ease the trigger out until the click)

    Pressure (Get an additional slack out immediately, for some there wont be any)

    Press (Smooth steady pressure until another surprise break)

    Trap (hold the trigger to the rear in recoil) (Get back on your front sight)

    Reset (gently ease the trigger out until the click)

    Pressure (Take the slack out for a third shot, but you should be training a controlled pair)

    (Rinse and repeat until desired results are achieved.)

    HINT: If you want to get back on your sights quicker for a perfect follow up shot then you need to work on your isometric tension in your grip. Locking that weapon in place so that it returns to the same exact spot after recoil is in the grip and stance. But we will have to talk about that later.

    Practice and this will smooth out....slow builds consistency .... consistency is smooth... smooth is fast.... fast is perfect. Perfect Practice doesn't just make it perfect it makes it Permanent.

    Download our Target Diagnostic Handout here to help diagnose some of the issues that may be showing up on your targets when you are shooting.




  12. https://www.nraila.org/articles/20170522/nevada-governor-sandoval-signs-ab-118

    Today, May 22, Governor Brian Sandoval signed important pro-gun legislation, Assembly Bill 118, into law.  AB 118, sponsored by Assemblyman Skip Daly, will allow members of the military and those who have received an honorable discharge between 18 and 20 years of age to obtain a permit to carry a concealed firearm.  This legislation goes into effect immediately.

    Read the text of the bill by downloading the PDF here. AB118_EN 170522.pdf






    5575 Simmons Street, Suite 1-176
    North Las Vegas, Nevada 89031

    November 10, 2016

    Initiative Amendment to NRS 202.254

    Amendment to NRS 202.254 to read as follows

    NRS 202.254 

    Sec. 1. Short Title: Sections 1 to 9 inclusive, of this act may be cited as The Background Check Act.

    Sec 2. Preamble. The People of Nevada do hereby find and declare that:
    1. To promote public safety, federal law currently prohibits felons, domestic abusers, the severely mentally ill, and other dangerous people from buying or possessing firearms.
    2. Federally licensed firearms dealers are required to run background checks on their prospective buyers to ensure they are not prohibited from buying or possessing firearms.
    3. Criminals and other dangerous people can avoid background checks by buying guns from unlicensed firearms sellers, whom they can easily meet online or at gun shows and who are not legally required to run background checks before selling or transferring firearms. 
    4. Due to this loophole, millions of guns exchange hands each year in the United States without a background check. 
    5. The background check process is quick and convenient. Over 90% of federal background checks are completed instantaneously and over 97% of Nevadans live within 10 miles of a licensed gun dealer. 
    6. We have the right to bear arms, but with rights come responsibilities, including the responsibility to keep guns out of the hands of convicted felons and domestic abusers. 
    7. To promote public safety and protect our communities, and to create a fair, level playing field for all gun sellers, the people of Nevada find it necessary to more effectively enforce current law prohibiting dangerous persons from purchasing and possessing firearms by requiring background checks on all firearms sales and transfers with, reasonable exceptions, including for immediate family members, hunting, and self-defense.

    Sec. 3. Chapter 202 of NRS is hereby amended by adding thereto the provisions set forth as sections 4 through 7, inclusive, of this act.

    Sec. 4. Definitions.  As used in NRS 202.254 and sections 5 to 7, inclusive, of this act, unless the context otherwise requires:
    1. "Hunting" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 501.050.
    2.   "Licensed dealer" means a person who holds a license as a dealer in firearms issued pursuant to 18 U.S.C§.9923(a).     
    3.  "National Instant Criminal Background Check System" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 179A.062.  
    4.  "Unlicensed   person" means a person who does not hold a license as a dealer, importer, or manufacturer in firearms issued pursuant to 18U.S.C§. 
    5. "Transferee" means an unlicensed person who wishes or intends to receive a firearm from another unlicensed person. 
    6.  "Transferor" means an unlicensed person who wishes or intends to transfer a firearm to another unlicensed person.
    7. "Trapping" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 501.090.
    8. "Central Repository" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 179A.045.

    Sec. 5.
    1. Except as otherwise provided in section 6 of this act, an unlicensed person shall not sell or transfer a   firearm to another unlicensed person unless a licensed dealer first conducts a background check on the buyer or transferee in compliance with this section.
    2. The seller or transferor and buyer or transferee shall appear jointly with the firearm and request that a licensed dealer conduct a background check on the buyer or transferee.
    3. A licensed dealer who agrees to conduct a background check pursuant to this section shall take possession of the firearm and comply with all requirements of federal and state law as though the licensed dealer were selling or transferring the firearm from his or her own inventory to the buyer or transferee, including, but not limited to, all record keeping requirements, except that: 
        (a) the licensed dealer must contact the National Instant Criminal Background Check System, as described in 18 U.S.C.922(t), and not the Central Repository, to determine whether the buyer or transferee is eligible to purchase and possess firearms under state and federal law; and
        (b) the seller or transferor may remove the firearm from the business premises while the background check is being conducted, provided that before the seller or transferor sells or transfers the firearm to the buyer or transferee, the seller or transferor and the buyer or transferee shall return to the licensed dealer who shall again take possession of the firearm prior to the completion of the sale or transfer. 
    4. A licensed dealer who agrees to conduct a background check pursuant to this section shall inform the seller or transferor and the buyer or transferee of the response from the National Instant Criminal Background Check System. If the response indicates that the buyer or transferee is ineligible to purchase or possess the firearm, the licensed dealer shall return the firearm to the seller or transferor and the seller or transferor shall not sell or transfer the firearm to the buyer or transferee. 
    5. A licensed dealer may charge a reasonable fee for conducting a background check and facilitating a firearm sale or transfer between unlicensed persons. 

    Sec. 6.  The provisions of NRS 202.254 do not apply to:

    1. The sale or transfer of a firearm by or to any law enforcement agency and, to the extent he or she is acting within the course and scope of his or her employment and official duties, any peace officer, security guard entitled to carry a firearm under NAC648.345, member of the armed forces, or federal official. 
    2. The sale or transfer of an antique firearm, as defined in 18 U.S.C§. 921 (16).
    3. The sale or transfer of a firearm between immediate family members, which for the purposes of this chapter means spouses and domestic partners and any of the following relations, whether by whole or half blood, adoption, or step-relation: parents, children, siblings, grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nieces and nephews. 
    4. The transfer of a firearm to an executor, administrator, trustee, or personal representative of an estate or a trust that occurs by operation of law upon the death of the former owner of the firearm.
    5. A temporary transfer of a firearm to a person who is not prohibited from buying or possessing firearms under state or federal law if such transfer:
        (a) is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm; and
        (b) lasts only as long as immediately necessary to prevent such imminent death or great bodily harm.
    6. A temporary transfer of a firearm if:
        (a) the transferor has no reason to believe that the transferee is prohibited from buying or possessing firearms under state or federal law.;
        (b) the transferor has no reason to believe that the transferee will use or intends to use the firearm in the commission of a crime; and
        (c) such transfer occurs and the transferee's possession of the firearm following the
    transfer is exclusively:
    (i) At an established shooting range authorized by the governing body of the jurisdiction in which such range is located 
    (ii) At a lawful organized competition involving the use of a firearm; 
    (iii) While participating in or practicing for a performance by an organized group that uses firearms as a part of the public performance; 
    (iv) While hunting or trapping if the hunting or trapping is legal in all places where the transferee possesses the firearm and the transferee holds all licenses or permits required for such hunting or trapping; or
    (v) While in the presence of the transferor.

    Sec. 7. Penalty.
    1. An unlicensed person who sells or voluntarily transfers one or more firearms to another unlicensed person in violation of NRS 202.254:
        (a) For the first conviction involving the sale or transfer of one or more firearms, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor and shall be punished as provided in NRS 193.140; and, 
        (b) For the second and subsequent convictions involving the sale or transfer of one or more firearms, is guilty of a category C felony and shall be punished as provided in NRS 193.130(2)(c).

    Sec. 8. Severability.
    If any provision of this act, or the application thereof to any person, thing, or circumstance is held invalid or unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such invalidity or unconstitutionality shall not affect the validity or constitutionality of this act as a whole or any provision or application of this act which can be given effect without the invalid or unconstitutional provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are declared to be severable.

    Sec. 9. Effective Date.
    This act shall become effective on October 1, 2015 if approved by the legislature, or on January 1, 2017 if approved by the voters.

    Note: This is a commentary not legal opinion and has no legal implications or standing

    Ballot Question One was passed by the voters of Nevada as an Initiative on November 8, 2016.  
    Its effective date is January 1, 2017
    It cannot be changed by legislature, governor or voters for three years.




















  14. https://www.adaptacademy.com/policies_and_procedures.html


    Course Scheduling Procedure 
    Please review the course page for specific details as to whether payment must be paid in full prior to enrollment, a deposit is required to hold your reservation, you may utilize “ADAPT credits” or if payment can be accepted on site the day of the course. 
    Deposits: If a deposit is required to hold your “reservation” the deposit amount must be marked “paid” prior to receiving a confirmation that your reservation is being held for your attendance. 
    Remaining Balances: The remaining balance of invoices requiring a deposit for enrollment must be paid 30 days prior to course start date for most courses, and 14 days for any not specified. 
    Invoices paid in full: If payment is required in full, payment must be submitted prior to confirmation of enrollment for attendance to the course. 


    Reservation Cancellation Policy 
    We want you to be able to attend every ADAPT course you can, but we also realize sometimes life happens and unforeseen circumstances get in the way of training, we understand.
    If you cancel your reservation too close to a class date, or fail to show up for your class, you kept someone else from attending and essentially paid for an empty seat. 

    When we schedule a course, we reserve the range or other facilities and we incur those costs. Unfortunately, we have to pass that fee along to you. This is why we have a strict cancellation policy; please read it carefully below. 
    We will implement it 99.9% of the time, if your reservation is cancelled inside the cancellation deadline. Please be sure you can attend a class before signing up for it. We believe this policy is fair to you, to other students, and to us. 

    • 1. Foundry, AIM (Or similar regularly occurring 2-4 hour courses): Once a class has been scheduled and paid for, there are no refunds. If you reschedule at least 72 hours before the class*, there is no charge for rescheduling. However, if you reschedule less than 72 hours before class time, there is a $25.00 "Rescheduling fee".

    • 2. Classroom and Range Courses (Nevada CFP, Utah CFP, Emergency Prep, etc...): Upon email confirmation of successful enrollment (outstanding invoices are marked as “paid” and no longer appear in the Client Area) No refunds are available. If you reschedule at least 48 hours before the class*, there is no charge for rescheduling. However, if you reschedule less than 72 hours before class time, there is a $25.00 "Rescheduling fee".

    • 3. 40 Hour + Courses (Pistol, Shotgun and Rifle 101-303): No refunds after attendance is confirmed via deposit or full payment, or within 30 days before first class date. If a deposit was paid to hold a space, the remaining balance is due in full 30 days prior to first class date.
    • If a session reservation date must be changed, we must receive it in writing 35 days prior to the event to avoid a "Rescheduling fee".

    *All rescheduling requests must be made IN WRITING and submitted to:

    Membership and Customer Support: support@adaptacademy.com


    Updated 11/11/2016. Effective on all purchases made after this date.

  15. clip_image004.gif


    Reality based training, and force on force exercises.


    Eric Loden

    October 12th , 2016


               Taking your education and training beyond the classroom, and off of the “square range”. If you are a hunter, recreational, or sporting shooter please take a moment to consider that you may be forced to use your weapon in a self-defense situation at some point.



    For those individuals who train with firearms as their primary means of self-defense, they meditate on this fact all the time.


    Thinking your way through scenarios or the “what if’s” that might arise if faced with threat is a good starting point, but it is not enough.


    Conditioning the mind to face the realities of that situation or developing what is often known as “Combat mindset” takes some time and study.


    There are many great resources to consult in this arena. Some of my recommended reading list would be as follows:

    ·         Principles of Personal Defense by: Jeff Cooper

    ·         The Gift of Fear by: Gavin De Becker

    ·         On Combat by: Lt. Col. Dave Grossman and Loren W. Christensen

    ·         On Killing by: Lt. Col. Dave Grossman



    We often say that the essential physical elements to success in a threatening engagement are the ability to move, shoot, and communicate.


    These skills can be acquired through repetitions and drills that focus on marksmanship, manipulations, and movement. However, mindset guides all of these aspects. If you go to the range and treat is as only the range, you could be developing bad habits or “training scars” that could affect your performance on the street. One popular quote is “Train the way you want to fight, because you will fight the way your train.” If you train to take the empty magazine or brass out of your firearm and set it on the shooting bench, through countless repetitions you are ingraining that habit, and under the stress of a real life encounter your body will perform or attempt to perform that task.



    Once the basic skill sets are acquired, the next step would be performance under some element of stress. For some, competition is stress, maybe a friendly wager, perhaps an Instructors cadence and tone of voice might be enough to put you on edge. Can you still perform to a high level while on that edge?



    You can run through countless drills to become more accurate at higher speeds, then while moving, then again while moving and on a moving target, adding the use of tactics such as clearing a structure, or using positions of tactical advantage such as cover and concealment, and perhaps even add in some photo realistic targets so you have an element of critical decision making (a shoot or don’t shoot element is a must for self-defense training) there are even video simulators with clever pre-programmed dialogue to simulate conversational responses.

    All of these options are great for developing all the muscle memory to perform these complex tasks or as we often call “choreography” and start to condition the mind for those split second decisions, however, no matter how incredibly complex all of these staged scenarios are they cannot duplicate the stress of a real life threatening encounter.



    So, what is the next best thing? Force-on-force is as close as we can get right now. Actually aiming a firearm (in some cases a real firearm modified to fire non-lethal ammunition) at a real, flesh and blood, living, breathing, thinking, fighting to take your life human being. The added stimulus of being shot, and it hurting to a degree also tends to add a bit of stress to the encounter, we say pain has a great way of teaching you not to make that mistake again.



    The closer we get to simulating the dangers of real world, real dangers start to present themselves. In order to deliver a pain stimulus most weapons used in this type of training still shoot projectiles, so appropriate protective gear must be worn such as thicker clothing, eye protection, face masks, groin or throat protectors, etc… Some systems utilize laser guns and electric shock belts for this jolt to the system. I prefer projectiles as they show you exactly where you get hit, as the laser rigs only shock you in one place even though you are hit in another.


    Safety concerns continue to mount when you have individuals attempting to deliver this style of training without proper instruction in it themselves. There are many great reading resources on this subject matter as well, and if you are interested in this type of instruction, or training to be an Instructor and would like to be able to deliver this subject matter to your students please do the research and take approved classes by seasoned professionals before attempting this yourself.



    When this type of training is conducted by those individuals who are not trained and qualified to be doing so, horrible things happen. There is an entire chapter “In Memory of Those Who Have Fallen” in a training manual dedicated to the individuals no longer with us due to these incidents, these are the accounts of Officers and Military individuals that have died as a result of carelessness, poorly conceived, poorly executed, or flat out reckless and dangerous training scenarios.



    Some of the many safety concerns that one must consider when participating in this style of training are as follows:

    ·         Competency of your Instructors and their support staff.

    ·         Appropriate safety precautions put in place (Communications, response protocols for injuries, etc...)

    ·         Sterile environment (No real weapons, ammunition, or other weapons even allow near the training arena)

    ·         Appropriate simulation weapons (No improvised, modified, or personal equipment is allowed unless approved by Staff.) 

    ·         Protective safety equipment (Can vary with the simulation weapons. Eyes, Face, Groin, Breasts, etc…)



    The list goes on and on, but this article was just to get you interested and thinking, for more information on this style of training, who offers it, or where to go to become certified as an Instructor please feel free to contact me. Thank you for your time. Stay safe. Train hard.



  16. The Gift of Fear.

    We recommend this as required reading to all of our students in all of our classes. 


    This book covers in great detail one of the topics we introduce in our lectures on situational awareness and avoidance. 

    *This topic is a placeholder for the book report coming soon... stay tuned. But in the meantime if you want to check this book out of the ADAPT library, or purchase a copy of your own we highly recommend it. 

  17. The Open Carry Argument (Original post and author unknown) [Edits and additions made by ADAPT will appear in red.]


    My primary goal when I’m out and about (besides whatever I went out and about to do) is to go about peaceably and not be the victim of a violent crime. To that end I carry a firearm whenever I go out as well as follow all the other standard safety practices like maintaining situational awareness, staying out of high crime areas, and avoiding confrontation. I also have a larger overall goal of making it through my life without shooting anyone. Simply put, I don’t want to be responsible, legally or morally, for another’s death. Those two goals might appear at first blush to be mutually exclusive, and with concealed carry it would be a difficult set of goals to realize.

    Carrying a concealed firearm presents to a criminal that I am unarmed. Every study I’ve ever read, not most but every study, says that criminals will avoid an armed person or home when selecting a victim. That only makes sense, right? Robbers, rapists, or carjackers might be dumb and opportunistic, but they have the same instinctual sense of self preservation we all have. Hyenas don’t attack lions to steal the gazelle the lions have just killed. It’s all about risk management; are the potential gains (a tasty gazelle dinner) worth the potential pain and damage the lion’s teeth will cause, and does the hyena really need to test the lion to figure out the answer? No, the hyena can see the lion’s teeth and knows to stay well clear.


    Deterrent Value:
    When I’m carrying concealed I feel like my ‘teeth’ are hidden, and thus of no real deterrent value. If I appear unarmed then I am unarmed in the eyes of the robber, I appear as easy a target as almost anyone else out on the street. My probability of being a victim of a crime, violent or otherwise, is completely unchanged by the fact that I have hidden beneath my shirt the means to defend myself. My goal, however, is not to be a victim in the first place, remember? I don’t want to be a victim that fought back successfully and triumphed; I prefer to not be victimized at all. Concealed carry is good; it throws a wrench in the works for criminals who might see the teaming masses as a smorgasbord of financial gain. This deterrent effect is, nonetheless, indirect. At some point the thug will weigh the risks vs. the gains; is his current desperation for money/drugs/booze/gold grille greater than the gamble that one of those people might be carrying a gun? If he decides to play the odds, which helped along with surprise tip the scale in his favor, he will attack. Will his attack allow enough time for me to draw my concealed firearm to affect a defense? Maybe, but then again, maybe not.
    Remember, I don’t want to be a victim and I don’t want to shoot anyone. So how do I realize both goals; or how do I make them inclusive? I can do that through open carry. By making it clear and obvious that I am armed, that I have teeth, I tip the risk scale to the point that the criminal’s gains are far outweighed by the risk. There is no ambiguity when the thug is doing his risk assessment, there’s something right there in plain sight that can quickly and painfully change or terminate his life. You may not think his life has much value, but as I mentioned before, he has the same sense of self preservation as any other living creature and to him it’s every bit as valuable as yours is to you. It would be foolish to ignore this indisputable fact when you develop your overall tactical strategy.


    The Myth of The "First One To Be Shot":
    There are some who criticize open carry and claim it will make you more of a target or ‘the first one shot’ when a robber walks into the 7-11, despite the absolute lack of credible evidence that this has ever happened. If the robber walks in and sees that you’re armed, his whole plan has encountered an unexpected variable. In bank robberies where he might expect to see an armed guard he will have already factored that possibility into his plan, but only for the armed guard, not for open or concealed carry citizens. No robber robs a bank without at least a rudimentary plan. Nevertheless, being present for a bank robbery is an extremely remote possibility for most of us regardless of our preferred method of handgun carry. Back in the 7-11, if he sees someone is armed he is forced to either significantly alter the plan or abort it outright. Robbing is an inherently apprehensive occupation, and one that doesn’t respond well to instant modifications. He is not prepared to commit murder when he only planned for larceny. He knows that a petty robbery will not garner the intense police manhunt a murder would. He doesn’t know if you’re an armed citizen or a police officer and isn’t going to take the time to figure it out. Either way, if someone in the 7-11 is unexpectedly armed, how many others might be similarly adorned and where might they be? Does this armed individual have a partner who is likewise armed behind him in the parking lot, someone who is watching right now? Self preservation compels him to abort the plan for one that is less risky. So we see that the logic matches the history; open carriers are not the first ones shot because it doesn’t make any sense that they would be.


    Probably the most common condemnation of open carry comes from the armchair tacticians who believe it’s better to have the element of surprise in a criminal encounter. Although this was touched on in the previous paragraph about deterrence, I’ll expand on it specifically here because there are some important truths you need to consider before you lean too heavily on this false support. Surprise as a defensive tactic is based on unrealistic or ill-thought out scenarios. The circumstance where several street toughs surround and taunt you for a while like in some Charles Bronson movie is not realistic; the mugger wants to get in and out as fast as possible. In most cases you will have only seconds to realize what’s happening, make a decision, and react. Imagine you’re walking along the sidewalk when two gangsta looking teenagers suddenly appear at the corner coming in the opposite direction. You have only seconds to react if their intent was to victimize you. Do you draw your concealed firearm now or wait until there’s an actual visible threat? If they are just on their way to church and you pull a gun on them, you are the criminal and you may forever lose your firearms rights for such a foolish action. If you don’t draw and they pull a knife or pistol when they’re just a couple steps away, your only options are draw (if you think you can) or comply. Imagine staring at the shiny blade of a knife being held by a very nervous and violent mugger, three inches from your or your wife’s throat and having to decide whether or not you have time to draw from concealment. The element of surprise may not do you any good; in fact the only surprising thing that might happen is that your concealed carry pistol gets taken along with your wallet. The thug will later get a good chuckle with his buddies about how you brought a gun to a knife fight. The simple truth is that while surprise is a monumentally superior tactical maneuver, it is exclusively an offensive action, not a defensive one. I am not aware of any army that teaches using surprise as a defense against attack. No squad of soldiers goes on patrol with their weapons hidden so that they can ‘surprise’ the enemy should they walk into an ambush.


    It Will Get Stolen: (The other kind of gun grabber)
    Another common criticism of open carry is that the firearm itself will be the target of theft, prompting as criminal to attack simply to get the gun from you. Like the previous example of being the first one shot in a robbery, above, this is despite the fact that there is no credible evidence it happens. It also blindly ignores the more obvious fact that anything you possess can make you the target of a crime, be it a car, a watch, or even a female companion (girlfriend, wife, or daughter). Crooks commonly steal for only two reasons; to get something you have that they want, or to get something that you have so they can sell it and buy something they want. There are no Robins in the hood trying to help the poor by stealing from the rich. I don’t claim it could never happen; just that it’s so remote a possibility that it doesn’t warrant drastic alterations to your self defense strategies. If you believe otherwise, leave your watch, sunglasses, jewelry, and cell phone at home, hop into your Pinto wagon, and head out to do your thing.


    It Scares People:
    One other statement against open carry I hear is that it damages public perception of firearms owners, or that by carrying openly we are not being good ambassadors to the public. While there are some people who have a genuine fear of firearms, due either to some horrible past experience or anti-gun indoctrination, the majority of people are either indifferent to them or quite fascinated by them. I’ve never kept track of the dozens of fellow citizens I’ve encountered who have marveled at the idea of open carry, but I do know exactly how many have expressed displeasure at it; one. People are scared of many things for many reasons; however, pretending those things do not exist only perpetuates the fear. Someone who is disturbed by open carry is going to be every bit as disturbed by concealed carry. The only effective way to overcome a fear is to come to the intellectual realization that the phobia is based on emotion and not on fact. By being a firsthand witness that a firearm was carried responsibly and peaceably, and wasn’t being carried in the commission of a crime, one discovers their fear is not fact based, but emotional. Thus, open carry can be a very effectual way of helping to overcome the emotionally based fear of the firearm. After all, you’d be much more likely to believe in ghosts if you saw one rather than if you listened to a ghost story around a campfire. We give much more credibility to the things we experience than we do to the things we hear. The bottom line is that this argument is made by people who don’t or haven’t carried openly; those of us who do so on a regular basis have an entirely different experience.


    I’m Not Comfortable Carrying Openly:
    This is really the only reasonable argument against open carry for an individual. We all have a comfort zone for any aspect of our lives and we prefer to stay within that comfort zone. We all agree that it’s better to be armed and never need the firearm than it is to need it and not have it. There is a point where concealing your firearm becomes so problematic, due to conditions like temperature or comfort, that some choose to either leave it behind or carry in such a way that it would be difficult or impossible to draw it quickly. If it takes me five or six seconds to draw my firearm from deep concealment and I had sufficient time before hand to do so, I would prefer to use that five or six seconds to avoid the entire encounter. I’m glad we have concealed carry laws in most of the states; it empowers and protects not only us but the general public through the offset deterrent effect. Some of us, however, choose the more direct deterrent effect of open carry. The combination of the two makes the criminal’s job that much more risky, that much more dangerous, and that much more uncertain.

    -------------------------------------------------- End of post-----------------------------------------------------

    ADAPT response:

    We think that this is a very well written statement where the author clearly states his opinion and choices and offers some very common sense observations when dealing with others that make this argument that Open Carry is foolish or dangerous.

    Thank you to whomever the original author is. If you know who the individual is please let us know so that we can state the source. 

  18. From our friend and student Assemblywoman (District 4) Michele Fiore.



    April 6, 2015
    Campus Carry Passes Nevada Assembly
    The Nevada Assembly on Monday passed Amanda's Law to allow students to carry concealed firearms on Nevada System of Higher Education properties. Assembly Bill 148 was proposed by Assemblywoman Michele Fiore and was passed by a vote of 24 to 15. 
    "This is a historical day, and I'm proud that the work of Amanda Collins, former State Senator John Lee, the late Carrie Herbertson and so many others has finally paid off," said Fiore. "Having sponsored this legislation twice, I call on my peers in the Nevada Senate and Governor Brian Sandoval to promptly pass this legislation to show Nevadans our support of their right to protect themselves."
    Assembly Bill 148 was named "Amanda's Law" for Amanda Collins who was raped on the campus of the University of Nevada, Reno in 2007 and has fought tirelessly for the rights of students to carry a concealed firearm on college campuses. Assembly Bill 148 also allows for concealed carry in public buildings. 
    AB148 will now continue to the Nevada Senate. For more information about AB148, click here:  https://www.leg.state.nv.us/App/NELIS/REL/78th2015/Bill/1480/Overview


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